HAIKU


HAIKU
   Haiku (called haikai until the Meiji era) is a simplified lyric form derived from traditional tanka poetry consisting of 17 syllables in the pattern 5–7–5. During the Tokugawa period, haiku emerged under the guidance and genius of Matsuo Basho (1644–94) and was further reformed by the poets Yosa Buson (1716–84) and Kobayashi Issa (1763–1827). During the Meiji period, poet Masaoka Shiki strongly criticized Basho, objecting to the gamelike point system haiku schools used to grade student compositions and the lack of masculine sophistication in Basho’s work. Conversely, Masaoka held the highest praise for Buson’s poetry and predicted the demise of haiku due to its lack of innovation. Despite Shiki’s pessimism, however, both his contemporaries, such as Natsume Soseki, and subsequent poets, such as Taneda Santoka (1882–1940) and Kato Shuson (1905–93), pursued the art, and today haiku clubs and circles regularly publish their poems in literary journals and newspapers.

Historical dictionary of modern Japanese literature and theater. . 2009.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • haïku — haïku …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Haiku — (jap. 俳句, dt. lustiger Vers; Plural: Haiku, auch: Haikus) ist eine traditionelle japanische Gedichtform, die heute weltweit verbreitet ist. Sie gilt als die kürzeste Gedichtform der Welt. Zu den bedeutendsten Haiku Dichtern zählen Matsuo Bashō… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haiku-OS — Haiku Haiku mit Deskbar, Tracker Basisdaten Entwickler Haiku Team Version …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haiku — Haïku Pour les articles homonymes, voir Haïku (homonymie). Le haïku (俳句, haiku?), terme créé par Shiki Masaoka (1867 1902), est une forme poétique très codifiée d origine japonaise, à forte composante …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haïku OS — Haiku (système d exploitation) Haiku Bureau et terminal d Haiku Famille BeOS Type de noyau Noyau hybride …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haiku — Haiku …   Википедия

  • Haiku — (de or. jap.; pronunc. [jaicú]) m. Estrofa japonesa de tres versos sin rima que suman diecisiete sílabas. * * * El haiku (俳句) es una de las formas de poesía tradicional japonesa más extendidas. Antes del haiku, el hokku fue el primer verso del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • haïku — [ ajku; aiku ] n. m. • 1922; mot jap. ♦ Poème classique japonais de dix sept syllabes réparties en trois vers (5, 7, 5). haïku ou haïkaï n. m. Didac. Poème japonais de trois vers. haïku [ ajku] n. m. ÉTYM. 1922, Larousse univ.; mot japonais. ❖ ♦… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • haiku — HAIKÚ, haiku uri, s.n. (livr.) Poezie japoneză alcătuită din 17 silabe dispuse în trei grupe. – Din fr. haïku, engl. haikku. Trimis de tavilis, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  HAIKÚ n. s. haiku. (< fr. haïku < cuv …   Dicționar Român

  • Haiku — Pauwela, HI U.S. Census Designated Place in Hawaii Population (2000): 6578 Housing Units (2000): 2454 Land area (2000): 15.755798 sq. miles (40.807327 sq. km) Water area (2000): 2.245809 sq. miles (5.816618 sq. km) Total area (2000): 18.001607 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.